What types of pain exist? There are two main types of pain: nociceptive and neuropathic. Nociceptive pain is a nervous system response that helps protect your body. It makes you pull your hand back from a hot stove so you don’t get burned. Pain from a sprained ankle forces you to rest and give the injury time to heal. Neuropathic pain is different, because it has no known benefits. It may be a result of misread signals between your nerves and brain or spinal cord. Or it could be because of nerve damage. Your brain interprets faulty signals from the nerves as pain. Examples of neuropathic pain type include: postherpetic neuropathy diabetic neuropathy carpal tunnel syndrome To get effective pain relief, you first need to find the source of the pain. Learn what causes the most common type of pain.